Europe and Asia should use their combined economic clout “to tackle global challenges such as trade tensions that put millions of jobs at risk” and the threat of climate change, a top European official said this week.

European Council President Donald Tusk spoke in Brussels as he opened the Asia-Europe summit, which brought together 30 European leaders with their counterparts or top officials from 21 Asian nations. The gathering accounts for 55 percent of global trade and 60 percent of the world’s population.

Amnesty International and some European lawmakers urged EU leaders at the meeting to call out their Asian counterparts on human rights abuses, including the persecution of Myanmar’s Rohingya Muslims and China’s internment camps for an estimated one million Muslims in the western region of Xinjiang.

In a speech this week, outgoing US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley said the Chinese government “is engaged in the persecution of religious and ethnic minorities that is straight out of George Orwell”.

China has characterised the mass internment of ethnic Uighurs as a push to bring into the “modern, civilised” world a destitute people who are easily led astray.

EU foreign affairs chief Federica Mogherini said European leaders would raise rights issues with their Asian counterparts and singled out the Rohingya crisis as an area of particular concern.

“We’ll have discussions … on seeing how we can try to help the United Nations to have proper access and have the return of the Rohingya in a safe and dignified manner,” Mogherini said.

The meeting is taking place amid a trade war between the United States and China and ongoing trade tensions between the EU and Washington, but Mogherini said it was not about presenting a united front to US President Donald Trump.

“Together, Europe and Asia are upholding the multilateral trade system based on rules — free and fair trade,” she told reporters.

The informal meeting, which is held every two years, will also discuss peace moves on the Korean Peninsula, migration, cybersecurity, fighting extremism and combating climate change.

EU leaders will hold talks with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and sign a free trade deal with Singapore.

This week’s meeting came a day after US Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross criticised the EU for moving too slowly in trade talks and warned that Trump’s patience with the Europeans might soon run out.

China knows how that feels. Trump has imposed punitive tariffs on about US$250 billion of Chinese products amid US accusations that China engages in cyber-theft and coerces foreign companies into handing over technology in return for access to the Chinese market. Trump is also angry over China’s trade surplus with the US.

The EU has similar concerns about creating a level playing field for European companies doing business in China, said Frans-Paul van der Putten of the Clingendael think tank in The Hague.

On a visit to the Netherlands this week, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang reasserted pledges to open up his country to foreign investment.

“We will remove foreign equity restrictions to Dutch companies as well,” Li said.

Van der Putten said Li will likely bring that message to Brussels, too.

“I imagine at the EU level the Chinese government will have a similar message,” he said.

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